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Pediatrics

Child Health & Pediatrics kategorisinde güncel sağlık bilgileri yer alıyor.

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that is responsible for causing acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The virus destroys or impairs cells of the immune system and progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers. In adults and adolescents, HIV is most commonly spread by sexual contact with an infected partner. In …

Airway Obstruction Prevention

Since most accidental child strangulations, chokings, and suffocations occur in the home, parents are well-advised to carefully childproof their homes. Another preventive step to take is to learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and infant and child first-aid before an accident occurs. Other prevention tips include the following:

  • Always supervise young children when they are eating, …

Allergic Rhinitis In Children

Rhinitis is a reaction that occurs in the nose when airborne irritants (allergens) trigger the release of histamine. Histamine causes inflammation and fluid production in the fragile linings of nasal passages, sinuses, and eyelids. There is usually a family history of allergic rhinitis.
Types
The two categories of allergic rhinitis include:

  • seasonal – occurs …

Alpha Fetoprotein AFP Newborn Baby

Alpha-fetoprotein screening is a blood test that measures the level of alpha-fetoprotein in the mothers' blood during pregnancy. AFP is a protein normally produced by the fetal liver and is present in the fluid surrounding the fetus (amniotic fluid), and crosses the placenta into the mother's blood. The AFP blood test is also called MSAFP (maternal …

Alpha Thalassemia Child Health

Thalassemia is an inherited disorder that affects the production of normal hemoglobin (a type of protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the tissues of the body). Thalassemia includes a number of different forms of anemia. The severity and type of anemia depends upon the number of genes that are affected. Alpha thalassemia is caused …

Amniocentesis Amniotic Fluid Baby

An amniocentesis is a procedure used to obtain a small sample of the amniotic fluid that surrounds the fetus to diagnose chromosomal disorders and open neural tube defects (ONTDs) such as spina bifida. Testing is available for other genetic defects and disorders depending on the family history and availability of laboratory testing at the time of …

Amniotic Fluid Hydramnios

What is amniotic fluid? Amniotic fluid is an important part of pregnancy and fetal development. This watery fluid is inside a casing called the amniotic membrane (or sac) and fluid surrounds the fetus throughout pregnancy. Normal amounts may vary, but, generally, women carry about 500 ml of amniotic fluid. Amniotic fluid helps protect and cushion the …

Anaphylaxis Anaphylactic Shock

Anaphylaxis, also called anaphylactic shock, is a severe and sometimes life-threatening reaction to an allergen (the items that your child is allergic to are called allergens). It is a medical emergency, in most cases. The reaction to the allergen can occur seconds to as long as an hour after the exposure. It is necessary to have …

Anemia Of Prematurity Medical Care

Anemia of prematurity medical care:
The medical care options available to the clinician treating an infant with AOP are prevention, blood transfusion, and recombinant EPO treatment.
Anemia of prematurity prevention
• Reducing the amount of blood taken from the premature infant diminishes the need to replace blood. When caring for the premature infant, carefully consider the …

Anemia Of Prematurity Newborn Baby

Anemia frequently is observed in the infant who is hospitalized and premature. Although many causes are possible, anemia of prematurity (AOP) is the most common diagnosis. AOP is a normocytic, normochromic, hyporegenerative anemia that is characterized by the existence of a low serum erythropoietin (EPO) level in an infant who has what may be a remarkably …