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Pediatric Surgery

Pediatric Surgery kategorisinde güncel sağlık bilgileri yer alıyor.

Achalasia in children babies kids

Achalasia in children babies kids : Achalasia in children is an uncommon esophageal motor disorder distinguished by clinical, radiological and manometrics features. Incidence is estimated in 0.1 cases/year per 100,000 population under 14 years of age. Clinical presentation is characterized by progressive dysphagia, regurgitation, weight loss, chest pain and nocturnal cough. Infants exhibit failure to thrive. …

ACUTE ABDOMINAL PAIN IN CHILDREN

Acute abdominal pain in children presents a diagnostic dilemma. Although many cases of acute abdominal pain are benign, some require rapid diagnosis and treatment to minimize morbidity. Numerous disorders can cause abdominal pain. The most common medical cause is gastroenteritis, and the most common surgical cause is appendicitis. In most instances, abdominal pain can be diagnosed …

ACUTE PANCREATITIS

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is unusual in the pediatric patient, can affect all age groups and should be considered in children presenting with acute abdominal complaints Causes are diversely and clinical course less severe. The three most common etiological factors are: trauma, drug-induced, and biliary tract disorders. Other factors to consider are: infections (mumps, ascaris, adenovirus), metabolic …

ADRENAL HEMORRHAGE

Adrenal Hemorrhage : Retroperitoneal adrenal Hemorrhage usually occurs at birth or during the first postnatal days the result of traumatic or breech delivery, large fetal size, disorders of hemostasis, perinatal asphyxia and fetal hypoxia producing anemia from blood loss accompanied by an enlarging flank mass. Other times adrenal Hemorrhage manifests as unexplained hyperbilirubinemia with a mass …

ANNULAR PANCREAS DIVISUM

Annular Pancreas / Pancreas Divisum : The pancreas develops from an anterior and posterior anlage of the foregut early during gestation (28 days). The anterior bud leads to the liver and body and tail of the pancreas. The posterior diverticulum develops into the head of the pancreas. This bud rotates anteriorly and later fuses to achieve …

ANORECTAL MALFORMATIONS BABY HEALTH

Anorectal malformations are birth defects (problems that happen as a fetus is developing during pregnancy). With this defect, the anus and rectum (the lower end of the digestive tract) do not develop properly.
– "ano" refers to the anus (the opening at the end of the large intestine through which stool passes when a baby has …

APPENDICITIS APPENDECTOMY

Appendicitis Included in this group because is caused by obstruction of the appendiceal lumen, most commonly by fecaliths. When obstruction occurs, secretions from the appendix accumulates and acutely distends the lumen. The pressure eventually produces arterial obstruction leading to infarction. Bacteria initially invade the mucosa and produce intramural infection. Other causes include pinworm infestation, carcinoids and …

APPENDICITIS APPENDIX SURGERY TREATMENT

Appendicitis is an irritation, inflammation, and infection of the appendix (a narrow, hollow tube that branches off the large intestine). The appendix functions as a part of the immune system during the first few years of life. After this time period, the appendix stops functioning and other organs continue helping fight infection. Appendicitis is the most …

ASPLENIA ABSENCE OF THE SPLEEN

The absence of the spleen (asplenia) occurs after surgical removal, following chronic conditions or congenital. Trauma is the most common cause of removing the spleen in children and sickle cell disease is the most common cause of functional asplenia in children. Congenital absence of the spleen is usually associated with serious malformations, primarily cardiovascular and abdominal …

BILIARY ATRESIA KASAI PORTOENTEROSTOMY

Biliary Atresia : Persistent conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (greater than 20% of total or 1.5 mg%) should be urgently evaluated. Initial evaluation should include a well-taken history and physical exam, partial and total bilirubin determination, type and blood group, Coomb's test, reticulocyte cell count and a peripheral smear. Cholestasis means a reduction in bile flow in the liver, …

BILIARY HYPOPLASIA IN CHILDREN

Biliary hypoplasia is a rare cause of persistent neonatal conjugated hyperbilirubinemia. Pathologically, affected children have absent or reduced number of bile ductules with normal distribution of branches of the portal vein and hepatic artery within the liver parenchyma. Biliary hypoplasia is also identified as paucity of interlobular bile ducts (PILBD).
Two types of PILBD are recognized: …

BLADDER EXSTROPHY

Exstrophy
Bladder exstrophy results from defective development of the anterior bladder and lower abdominal walls, leaving the posterior bladder wall lying exposed on the abdomen.
Epidemiology
3.3 cases per 100,000 live births. Male to female ratio >2:1. Increased risk in offspring of affected patients and with younger maternal age and increased parity.
Embryology
An embryological malformation …

Bowel Obstruction in the Newborn

Bowel Obstruction in the Newborn is one of the most common and potentially dire newborn surgical emergencies. Successful management of a newborn with a bowel obstruction depends upon both timely diagnosis and prompt therapy. Many causes of bowel obstruction in the newborn can be readily diagnosed with physical examination and simple radiographic examinations. Crucial to the …