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Orthopedic Surgery

Orthopedic Surgery kategorisinde güncel sağlık bilgileri yer alıyor.

HIP OSTEOTOMY DIAGNOSIS RISKS RESULTS

A physical examination performed by a pediatrician or an orthopaedic surgeon is the best method for diagnosing developmental dysplasia of the hip. Other aids to diagnosis include ultrasound examination of the hips during the first six months of life. An ultrasound study is better than an x ray for evaluating hip dysplasia in an infant because …

HIP OSTEOTOMY SURGICAL PROCEDURE

A hip osteotomy is a surgical procedure in which the bones of the hip joint are cut, reoriented, and fixed in a new position. Healthy cartilage is placed in the weightbearing  area of the joint, followed by reconstruction of the joint in a more normal position. Purpose
To understand hip surgery, it is helpful to have …

HIP REPLACEMENT SURGERY ARTHROPLASTY

Hip replacement is a procedure in which the surgeon removes damaged or diseased parts of the patients hip joint and replaces them with new artificial parts. The operation itself is called hip arthroplasty. Arthroplasty comes from two Greek words, arthros or joint and plassein, to form or shape. It is a type of surgery done to …

HIP REPLACEMENT SURGERY RISKS RESULTS

Hip replacement surgery involves both short- and long-term risks.
Short-term risks
The most common risks associated with hip replacement are as follows:
• Dislocation of the new prosthesis. Dislocation is most likely to occur in the first 10–12 weeks after surgery. It is a risk because the ball and socket in the prosthesis are smaller than …

HIP REVISION SURGERY RISKS RESULTS

Factors that lower a patient’s chances for a good outcome from hip revision surgery include the following:
• Sex. Men are more likely to have poor outcomes from revision surgery than women, other factors being equal.
• Age. Older patients, particularly those over 75, are more likely to have complications following revision surgery.
• Race. African …

KNEE ARTHROSCOPIC SURGERY

Knee arthroscopic surgery
Definition
Knee arthroscopic surgery is a procedure performed through small incisions in the skin to repair injuries to tissues such as ligaments, cartilage, or bone within the knee joint area. The surgery is conducted with the aid of an arthroscope, which is a very small instrument guided by a lighted scope attached to …

KNEE OSTEOTOMY

Knee osteotomy
Definition
Knee osteotomy is surgery that removes a part of the bone of the joint of either the bottom of the femur (upper leg bone) or the top of the tibia (lower leg bone) to increase the stability of the knee. Osteotomy redistributes the weight-bearing force on the knee by cutting a wedge of …

KNEE REPLACEMENT

Knee replacement : Knee replacement is a procedure in which the surgeon removes damaged or diseased parts of the patient?s knee joint and replaces them with new artificial parts. The operation itself is called knee arthroplasty. Arthroplasty comes from two Greek words, arthros or joint and plassein, to form or shape. The artificial joint itself is …

KNEE REPLACEMENT AFTERCARE RISKS

Aftercare
Aftercare following knee replacement surgery begins while the patient is still in the hospital. Most patients will remain there for five to 10 days after the operation. During this period the patient will be given fluids and antibiotic medications intravenously to prevent infection. Medications for pain will be given every three to four hours, or …

KNEE REPLACEMENT DIAGNOSIS PREPARATION

Knee replacement diagnosis preparation
Patient history
The first part of a diagnostic interview for knee pain is the careful taking of the patient’s history. The doctor will ask not only for a general medical history, but also about the patient’s occupation, exercise habits, past injuries to the knee, and any gait-related problems. The doctor will also …

KNEE REVISION SURGERY

Knee revision surgery
Definition
Knee revision surgery, which is also known as revision total knee arthroplasty, is a procedure in which the surgeon removes a previously implanted artificial knee joint, or prosthesis, and replaces it with a new prosthesis. Knee revision surgery may also involve the use of bone grafts. The bone graft may be an …