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Neurosurgery

Neurosurgery kategorisinde güncel sağlık bilgileri yer alıyor.

BRAIN HEMORRHAGE INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGE

Brain hemorrhage
Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage (hemorrhage in the brain) is a condition characterized by hemorrhage in the brain (hemorrhagic stroke) that results in a sudden onset of neurologically worsening symptoms (that include focal neurologic deficits and loss of consciousness).
CT scans are helpful in identifying the intracranial hemorrhage, of which there are two types – subarachnoid …

DORSAL RHIZOTOMY CUTTING OF NERVE ROOTS

Rhizotomy is the cutting of nerve roots as they enter the spinal cord. Rhizotomy (also called dorsal rhizotomy, selective dorsal rhizotomy, and selective posterior rhizotomy) is a treatment for spasticity that is unresponsive to less invasive procedures. Spasticity (involuntary muscle contraction) affects many thousands of Americans, but very few are affected seriously enough to require surgery …

HEMISPHERECTOMY BRAIN SURGERY

Hemispherectomy is a surgical treatment for epilepsy in which one of the two cerebral hemispheres, which together make up the majority of the brain, is removed. Purpose
Hemispherectomy is used to treat epilepsy when it cannot be sufficiently controlled by medications. The cerebral cortex is the wrinkled outer portion of the brain. It is divided into …

HYPOPHYSECTOMY AFTERCARE RISKS RESULTS

The operation takes about one to two hours, following which the patient is taken to the recovery area for about two hours before returning to the neurosurgical ward.
The following postoperative measures are the normally taken:
• The patients nose is packed to stop bleeding.
• There may be a dressing on a site of incision …

HYPOPHYSECTOMY PITUITARY GLAND SURGERY

Hypophysectomy, or hypophysis, is the surgical removal of the pituitary gland.
Purpose : The pituitary gland is a small, oval-shaped endocrine gland about the size of a pea located in the center of the brain above the back of the nose. Its major role is to produce hormones that regulate growth and metabolism in the body. …

LAMINECTOMY DIAGNOSIS RISKS RESULTS

Diagnosis / Preparation
Diagnosis
The differential diagnosis of lower back pain is complicated by the number of possible causes and the patient’s reaction to the discomfort. In many cases the patient’s perception of back pain is influenced by poorquality sleep or emotional issues related to occupation or family matters. A primary care doctor will begin by …

LAMINECTOMY SURGICAL PROCEDURE

Laminectomy
Definition
A laminectomy is a surgical procedure in which the surgeon removes a portion of the bony arch, or lamina on the dorsal surface of a vertebra, which is one of the bones that make up the human spinal column. It is done to relieve back pain that has not been helped by more conservative …

LASER POSTERIOR CAPSULOTOMY

Laser posterior capsulotomy
Definition
Laser posterior capsulotomy, or YAG laser capsulotomy, is a noninvasive procedure performed on the eye to remove the opacification (cloudiness) that develops on the posterior capsule of the lens of the eye after extraction of a cataract. This differs from the anterior capsulotomy that the surgeon makes during cataract extraction to remove …

MENINGOCELE REPAIR SPINA BIFIDA

Meningocele repair
Definition : A meningocele repair is a surgical procedure performed to repair an abnormal opening in the spinal column (called spina bifida) by draining excess fluid and closing the opening.
Purpose
The surgery is necessary to close this abnormal opening to decrease the risk of infection and protect the integrity of the spinal column …

NEUROSURGERY CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM SPINE

Neurosurgery
Definition : Neurosurgery is a specialized field of surgery for the treatment of diseases or conditions of the central nervous system (CNS) and spine.
Description
Neurosurgery is the specialized field of surgery that treats diseases that affect the CNS – the brain and the spine. A neurosurgeon is a medical doctor who has received extensive …

PALLIDOTOMY GLOBUS PALLIDUS INTERNUS

Pallidotomy – Definition
Pallidotomy is the destruction of a small region of the brain, the globus pallidus internus, in order to treat some of the symptoms of Parkinson's disease.
Purpose
The symptoms of Parkinsons disease (PD) include rigidity, slowed movements, and tremor, along with postural instability and a variety of non-motor symptoms (i.e., symptoms not involving …