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English Health & Medicine kategorisinde güncel sağlık bilgileri yer alıyor.

ABDOMINA TRAUMA DIAGNOSTIC RADIOLOGY

ABDOMINAL TRAUMA
Blunt or penetrating trauma to the torso, frequently due to a road traffic accident (RTA) or other forms of accident or violence, is a frequent cause of referral to most accident and emergency departments, and forms the main indication for trauma ultrasound. Internal organ injury as a result of trauma is extremely difficult to …

ABDOMINAL AORTA AORTIC ANEURYSM

THE ABDOMINAL AORTA
The abdominal aorta can be visualized proximally in the midline, posterior to the left lobe of the liver. The coeliac axis and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) are easily demonstrated in longitudinal section (LS), arising from its anterior aspect. In transverse section (TS) the coeliac axis branches, the main hepatic and splenic arteries, may …

ABDOMINAL DIAGNOSTIC ULTRASOUND SCAN

Abdominal ultrasound (abdominal diagnostic ultrasound scan)
Definition
Abdominal ultrasound uses high frequency sound waves to produce two-dimensional images of the body’s soft tissues, which are used for a variety of clinical applications, including diagnosis and guidance of treatment procedures. Ultrasound does not use ionizing radiation to produce images, and, in comparison to other diagnostic imaging modalities, …

ABDOMINAL ULTRASOUND IMAGE OPTIMIZATION

Abdominal ultrasound image optimization :
Misinterpretation of ultrasound images is a significant risk in ultrasound diagnosis. Because ultrasound
scanning is operator-dependent, it is imperative that the sonographer has proper training in order to
achieve the expected diagnostic capabilities of the technique. The skill of effective scanning lies in the
operators ability to maximize the diagnostic information …

Abdominoplasty Surgery (Tummy tuck)

Abdominoplasty : Also known as a Tummy tuck, abdominoplasty is a surgical procedure in which excess skin and fat in the abdominal area is removed and the abdominal muscles are tightened.
Abdominoplasty Purpose
Abdominoplasty is a cosmetic procedure that treats loose or sagging abdominal skin, leading to a protruding abdomen that typically occurs after significant weight …

ABORTION RISKS AFTERCARE RESULTS

Aftercare
Regardless of the method used to perform the abortion, a woman will be observed for a period of time to make sure her blood pressure is stable and that bleeding is controlled. The doctor may prescribe antibiotics to reduce the chance of infection. Women who are Rh negative (lacking genetically determined antigens in their red …

ABSCESS INCISION SURGICAL DRAINAGE

Abscess incision surgery surgical drainage – definition
An abscess is an infected skin nodule containing pus. It may need to be drained via an incision (cut) if the pus does not resolve with treatment by antibiotics. This allows the pus to escape, the infection to be treated, and the abscess to heal.
Purpose
An abscess is …

Achalasia in children babies kids

Achalasia in children babies kids : Achalasia in children is an uncommon esophageal motor disorder distinguished by clinical, radiological and manometrics features. Incidence is estimated in 0.1 cases/year per 100,000 population under 14 years of age. Clinical presentation is characterized by progressive dysphagia, regurgitation, weight loss, chest pain and nocturnal cough. Infants exhibit failure to thrive. …

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that is responsible for causing acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The virus destroys or impairs cells of the immune system and progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers. In adults and adolescents, HIV is most commonly spread by sexual contact with an infected partner. In …

Acquired Renal Cystic Disease (ARCD)

Acquired Renal Cystic Disease (ARCD)
Cystic degenerative disease of the kidney with cysts visualized on CT scan. By definition this is an acquired condition, as opposed to adult polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) which is inherited (in an autosomal dominant fashion). It is predominantly associated with chronic and end-stage renal failure (originally, it was thought to specifically …

ACUTE ABDOMEN CASES EVALUATION

Acute abdomen Case 1: 35-year-old male who complained of abdominal pain and collapsed.
Etiology of Acute Pancreatitis
• Metabolic
– alcohol, hyperlipidemia, hypercalcemia, hereditary pancreatitis, kwashiorkor
• Mechanical
– gallstones, post-operative, trauma, duct anomalies, iatrogenic, neoplasm, gastric ulcers
• Vascular
– vasculitis, atherosclerotic embolism
• Drugs
– steroids, aspirin, sulfonamides, tetracycline, opiates, cholinergics
• Infection
– …